Today, more and more people are interested in anti-aging. Being the outermost layer of our body, the skin often acts as an important sign of someone’s age. Therefore, it is better to know the causes of aging skin and prevent it.

There are two main causes of aging skin. One is intrinsic aging and the other is extrinsic aging – photoaging. Intrinsic aging occurs due to chronological changes and is an inherent, natural degenerative process which we cannot prevent. It is destined by genetic factors such as level of hormone secretion and thickness of the skin. On the other hand, extrinsic aging can be delayed with proper and continuous care. The accumulated effects of pollutants (dirt, cold, wind, smog and exposure to sun) is the culprit of extrinsic aging. Compared to intrinsic aging, extrinsic aging can appear at earlier periods in more severe degrees. Signs of extrinsic aging include dryness, wrinkles, rough skin and pigmentation.

What is photoaging?

Photoaging is the biggest external factor that makes our skin saggy and old. It is a combination of photo- which is ‘related to light’ and aging. As you can guess from the word itself, it is an aging effect due to light, specifically UV rays. Photoaging is classified into 4 phases from Mild to Severe.

Group Classification Typical Age Description Skin Characteristic
I Mild 28-35 No Wrinkles Early photo aging; mild pigment changese, no keratosis, minimal wrinkles, minimal or no makeup
II Moderate 35-50 Wrinkles in Motion Early to moderate photo aging; early brown spots visible, keratosis palpable but not visible, parallel smile lines begin to appear, wears some foundation
III Advanced 50-65 Wrinkles at Rest Advanced photo aging; obvious discoloration, visible capillaries, visible keratosis, wears heavier foundation
IV Severe 60 & up Only Wrinkles Severe photo aging; yellow/gray skin color, prior skin malignancies, wrinkles throughout – no normal skin, cannot wear make-up because it cracks and cakes

Major factor of photoaging – UV rays

UV rays are part of the light spectrum that reaches earth. UV rays have short wavelength so it is not visible to our eyes. There are 3 kinds of UV rays; UVA, UVB and UVC. Severity of UV rays can be measured by UV index.

1.       Categories of UV rays

  • UV A

UV A cannot be absorbed by ozone layer. It can penetrate through windows even during cloudy days. Among UV rays, it mostly damages our skin. It creates redness and it is responsible for premature aging of the skin and skin cancer.

  • UV B

UV B radiation is stronger than UVA. 90% of it is absorbed by ozone layer, but the rest still reaches earth’s surface. It is the most intense in summer from 10 am to 2 pm. It usually affects outer layer of skin, causing sunburn, premature aging of skin and skin cancer.

  • UV C

UV C is the most devastating and harmful to our skin. It has the strongest UV radiation. However, it can be absorbed by ozone layer.

2.       Effect of UV rays

When UV A and B work together the damage becomes a lot harsher. It will penetrate into our skin breaking down collagen and elastin. To make matters worse, it slows down production of collagen. Hence, repeated exposure to Sun will cause premature aging such as fine lines, wrinkles, age spots, freckles, discoloration, and dryness.

UV rays also interact with melanin. Melanin first absorbs UV rays in order to protect your skin from damaging. However, if it receives excessive UV rays, you will get sunburn. Other than that, it can modify DNA called p53, which is in charge of repairing damaged cells and discarding severely damaged cells.

3.       Measure of UV

The amount reaching the Earth’s surface can be affected by several factors, for example weather, time of the day and year etc. Thus to help people understand intensity of UV rays, meteorologists came up with UV index. It is a global standard indicating the strength of the UV rays reaching the ground for an hour around noon. It is advisable to check before going out and prepare for potential sun damage. 1-3 means low exposure; 4-6 means medium; 7-9 means high; 10+ means extreme exposure. The higher the number, the greater the exposure to UV rays. Therefore there is a higher change of getting sun damage which ultimately leads to skin cancer.

Effective way to avoid photoaging

1.      Wear Sunscreen

To minimize aging caused by sun, reducing UV ray’s effect is the key. So wear sunscreen! Sunscreen acts as a protector which prohibits harmful UV rays from penetrating into our skin. It is recommended to wear it at least 15 minutes before going out and reapply as frequently as possible.

2.       Avoid peak sun hours

Most of sun rays reach the ground from 10 am to 2pm. Thus, staying inside during peak sun hours is a good way to delay photoaging.

3.       Wear sunglasses and hats

It is a good way to block sun ray from reaching our skin with accessories. Wearing those accessories not only makes you appear more fashionable, it also reduces intensity and amount of UV rays reaching our skin, preventing wrinkles and fine lines.

4.       Soothe your skin

After an entire day of outdoor activities, you have to soothe your skin. Cleanse properly and apply soothing products such as aloe vera gel. Slicing potato and putting it on your face will also moisturize and soothe sunburn skin.

Featured image taken from Faceworkshops

Time passes fast and summer is here. The weather is getting hotter and we are more inclined to stay indoors with the air conditioner on. Our skin, being the outermost layer, is the first to be affected by our external environment and temperature changes. In fact, high temperatures have a hugely adverse effect on our skin. Collagen and elastin, in charge of maintaining elastic and resilient skin, are destroyed due to high temperatures, resulting in a skin appearance that is dry and lusterless. The damaged collagen can no longer support our skin, causing us to wrinkle! To make matters worse, the use of air-conditioner also dries our skin, causing it to age. This is why mist toners come in handy during summer. It is an effective skincare product that gives an instant cooling effect for skin that is affected by intense heat.  It also moisturizes our skin immediately.

 

Benefits of Mist Toners

A facial mist provides hydration that exhausted skin needs. When sprayed onto our skin, tiny particles of water penetrate into our inner layers, supplementing the moisture required. It also forms a thin layer of protective moisture, giving us fresh and moist-full skin. 

Apart from that, a facial mist helps to calm sun-damages skin. It lowers the skin surface temperature, soothing delicate skin. By maintaining this moderate temperature for a while, it delays the skin’s premature ageing process.

A facial mist also freshens us up and lightens our moods. We will be refreshed and revitalized by the pleasant and calming fragrance. An instant glow will be created by the little water particles, making us look more youthful.

 

Proper use of mist toners

Many people complain that the use of facial mist toners actually steals the moisture from our skin, resulting in even drier skin than before. In actual fact, this problem stems from the incorrect usage of a facial mist. Today, we will teach you the correct usage of a facial mist so you can reap the amazing benefits and achieve youthful looking skin.

Before applying, be sure to use a tissue to clean off a film of dirt, oil and other pollutants so that the mist can be better absorbed.

When applying, place the mist toner 20cm away from your face and spray. If you spray it too close to your face, the mist forms dewy drops, which are too large for your skin to absorb entirely. Spraying it further away keeps the air around you moist, creating a better environment for your skin.

After applying, it is important to protect the moisture. It is a common mistake to skip this step, causing your skin to feel dry after a while. We recommend that you apply some moisturizer to lock in the moisture and keep your skin hydrated for longer periods.

Other Useful Tips

1.    Moisture saver
Spray the mist toner right after cleansing your face. Your skin usually feels dry after cleansing. This is because the cleanser removes the protective oil on your skin. By using a facial mist, you can preserve the moisture in your skin effectively. At the same time, the mist acts as a booster, allowing skincare products to penetrate into your skin easily.

2.    Reduce water retention
If you often worry about water retention, worry no more, because your facial mist can also be used for reducing water retention. Soak a cotton pad with mist and place it on your eyelids. We promise you will look and feel fresher after just 5 minutes.

3.    Water mask pack
Wet a sheet of dry mask (or even cotton pads!) with your facial mist and place it on your face for 10-15 minutes. This is an inexpensive homemade mask pack that gives your skin instant hydration and revitalization.

 

 Mist Toners: Porcelain's Deep Hydrating Lotion is great for hydration in summer

Porcelain’s Soothe – Deep Hydrating Lotion

Porcelain’s Deep Hydrating Lotion is perfect for summer weather. It is a lightweight facial mist toner that tones, hydrates, soothes and revitalizes dull skin.

It is made from all natural ingredients such as rose and jojoba oils and Vitamin E, which fights against free radicals and prevents cellular damage, while Damascena Rose extracts, hyaluronic acid and sodium hyaluronate deeply hydrate the skin and improve its natural resilience.

With an infusion of botanicals and vitamins, it is gentle and calming with a fresh floral scent. It combats environmental damage. It also hydrates the skin without overly moisturizing it, keeping your skin hydrated and refreshed, even in summer.

What are Milia Seeds?

Pretty as they sound, these are not flower seeds. Also known as oilseeds, milia seeds are keratin-filled bumps that usually develop around the eye and nose area. They’re the bane of every quest to silky smooth skin because they cause a rough and uneven skin texture. Commonly found in people of all ages, they form when the skin does not slough off normally and get trapped in pores. Not so pretty now, are they?

Milia Seeds 101: What are they?

What Causes Them?

Milia seeds are often caused by overly rich creams or oil-based skin care products. For some people, they are hereditary or caused by hormonal changes. Certain medications and pollutants can also be contributing factors. However, before you start panicking about those little white bumps on your face, do note that these are fairly harmless.

How To Prevent Them?

Milia Seeds 101: Avoid creams that are too rich for the eye area

Avoid using creams that are too rich for your eye area as it might cause pore congestion. Rich concealers are often silent causes as people often use them to cover up dark eye circles. Consider using an oil-free lotion or cream, or possibly change products altogether, as an allergy may also be a cause. Sunburns may also cause damage leading to the cysts, so be sure to wear sunblock if burning is a problem. Most importantly, keep your hands off your face to prevent excess bacteria from getting on it!

How To Get Rid Of Milia Seeds?

Common ways include the use of a topical retinoid cream such as tretinoin, tazarotene or adapalene; removal with a sterile lancet or scalpel followed by the use of a comedone extractor, a tool used to remove whiteheads and blackheads; a series of fruit acid peels or microdermabrasion procedures; and carbon dioxide laser treatment. You should consult a dermatologist or aesthetic specialist for the appropriate course of treatment. Most importantly, do not try to remove them by squeezing them yourself, as it will very likely lead to scars.

PS: Porcelain’s Precision Facials helps to effectively remove milia seeds. For targeted milia seed removal, check out our RevitalEyes TreatmentBook now or call 6227 9692 or Whatsapp us at 9721 1008 to find out more.

Have you heard of Witch Hazel? If your facial care routine has yet to incorporate it, it’s definitely not too late to add it in! Read on to find out the marvels it can do for your skin.

Hamamelis Virginiana Linné, more commonly known as Witch Hazel, is a popular botanical ingredient found in skincare products. It’s also recognised by medical professionals for its medicinal properties. Applied topically, it can be used to treat wounds, abrasions, and even dry skin or skin irritations. Lately, Witch Hazel has found its way into being one of the ingredients added to other personal hygiene products, as well as hair care products.

Witch Hazel is best known to be an astringent that’s anti-inflammatory and rich in anti-oxidants. The high levels of tannins found in Witch Hazel’s bark and leaves (in pure form) give rise to its astringent properties. While commercial products contain no tannins, they come in the form of hydrosols (herbal distillates from the plant). These are strong antioxidants and astringents still, thus making them very effective in cleansers and toners. They’re also useful for fighting acne problems. Furthermore, Witch Hazel can also be used as an anti-inflammatory to tighten skin pores. The humble shrub has garnered great success as a key active ingredient in toners over the years and is especially suited for oily and various skin types. Other benefits of using toners with Witch Hazel include the ability to gently cleanse the skin by removing oil, dirt and impurities while locking in moisture.

With all these benefits of Witch Hazel, why not try Porcelain’s Revive – Glycolic Toner? This lightweight toner is absolutely perfect for humid weather to tone and hydrate. In addition, it’s also enriched with a unique blend of alpha-hydroxy acids and Vitamins C & E, clarifying sluggish complexions and protecting it against free radicals that cause signs of ageing. Infused with sea salt, aloe vera and Sodium Hyaluronate, this toner also helps soothe inflammation, hydrates, and accelerate collagen and elastin production.

Sodium Hyaluronate is a key ingredient in our Revive - Glycolic Toner.

Stay True,


READ MORE STORIES HERE:

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#JargonBreakdown: What Are Free Radicals?

Our Beauty Guru On “Skin” | #DearPauline

If you have been following us or if you know the Porcelain team, you would know that selling “ourselves” or “our packages” is the last thing we love… Hence, in all our precedent entries, they are information centric, and we intend to keep it that way. The Porcelain team is made up with a bunch of people who loves the science behind achieving better skin. We live and breathe skincare!

Once in a while, we do feature our treatments to show how we have applied all that we have known to help you achieve better treatment results.

Since the eye area is the first place where signs of aging will appear, let me start off with Porcelain’s Revital Eyes Luxx and Revital Eyes Treatment.

Porcelain’s Revital Eyes Luxx has been specially designed to reduce dark circles, eyes bags and fine lines. As for Revital Eyes Treatment, it is able to deal with all the above problems as well as the presence of millia seeds and oil bags around the eye area.

With the use of the finest Collagen, Amino, Oxygen & Gold treatment products & masks, Porcelain ensures that you will be able to see noticeable results in just one session!

Here are the steps for Revital Eyes Luxx and Revital Eyes Treatment.

1. Double Cleanse

Double cleansing is done to make sure that the skin is thoroughly cleansed. In this case, a Milky Cleanser is used to cleanse the first layer of impurities.

2. Exfoliation

A second cleanser together with Aloe Vera Peeling Gel is used to exfoliate the dead skin cells around the eye area.

3. Skin Analysis

A skin analysis is performed to determine the exact problem of each individual customer.

4. Precision Extraction (only available in Revital Eye Treatment)

Extraction will be done to remove the oil bags and milia seeds. This special procedure will only be carried out by Porcelain’s Director Aesthetician.

5.Eye Massage

An Oxygenated Eye Gel is then used to massage around the eye area. Different eye massage techniques will be applied to counteract different eye problems.

6. Treatment Eye Mask

A Golden Eye treatment mask infused with nano-technology is used.

7. LED Therapy (only available in Revital Eye Treatment)

LED light is able to stimulate collagen and elastin production as well as blood circulation around the eye area.

8. Moisture Protectant

A generous amount of Aloe Recovery Gel is applied to protect and give the skin its final boost of moisture.

9. Sunscreen(only available with Revital Eye Treatment)

A thin layer of Porcelain’s DOLL Tinted Sunscreen is applied. With SPF 60, it offers protection against UVA and UVB rays. In addition, it is non-comedogenic as well as oil and paraben free.

Suitable for: All skin types

Duration & Price:

Revital Eye Luxx: 45 Minutes | $85

Revital Eye Treatment: 60 Minutes | $120

Try out Revital Eyes Luxx at just $28! Click here to find out more! Also, our treatment is featured on iCompare.

Do note that at Porcelain, the Luxx series of therapy is catered more for maintenance whereas the Treatment series is catered for clients looking for solutions to their skin concerns.