Skin Hacks

A visual and literary representation of skincare tips (what we call #SkinHacks — skin hacks). Find out anything! The difference between dry and dehydrated skin. How to layer hydration How to care for acne! … and more.

The root to solving all your skincare issues is to understand your skin. With various skin type charts and quizzes floating out there, it can get quite hard to discern your type and derive what it needs to improve. Thus, we’re here to provide the ultimate guide to knowing your skin type and how to make it healthier and glow from within.

Credit: Andrea Piacquadio 

Discovering your Type: 

Here’s a quick way to discover your skin type: in the middle of the day, grab a tissue paper (preferably 1 ply) and gently press it into your face for 3 seconds, covering the forehead, cheek, nose and chin. This quick test helps to you determine how much oil (aka Sebum) is on your skin surface and derive your skin type 

Important note: For the greatest accuracy, do this process when your skin is free of make up or setting/mattifying powders as they can reduce the amount of sebum on your skin surface. 

We are looking to see if the tissue become slightly translucent (like how blotting paper gets translucent when it picks up oil from the skin). 

If your tissue is lightly translucent: Normal Skin 

If your tissue has a light translucency on all the areas it was pressed into, congratulations, you have a normal skin type. This is great as it means that your skin is balanced and healthy. However, effort is still required to maintain that balance. Stick around and learn how you can maintain its health in the long run! 

If your tissue is mostly translucent: Oily Skin 

If your tissue comes off translucent after the test, it indicates that your skin is oily.  

Oily skin often gives a shiny appearance and is largely a result of skin pH unbalance. If you’re not sure what skin pH is, head over to this article where we explain the basics of skin pH.  

Oily skin’s imbalance lies in an over-production of sebum to compensate for a lack of hydration. Sebum is your skin’s way of retaining moisture and hydration. When there is a lack of hydration, the skin produces more oils to prevent further loss of hydration. This additional sebum production also explains why those of us with oily skin tend to experience congestion (whitehead, blackheads etc). 

If your tissue is mostly unchanged: Dry Skin 

If your tissue comes off unchanged (meaning no signs of translucency) after the test, it indicates that your skin is dry.  

Dry skin often feels rough and tight, with no shiny appearance throughout the day. Like oily skin, dry skin is also a result of skin pH unbalance. If you’re not sure what skin pH is, head over to this article where we explain the basics of skin pH. 

Dry skin’s imbalance lies in an under-production of sebum. Since sebum is your skin’s way of retaining moisture and hydration, a lack of it causes your skin to experience a lot of hydration and moisture loss.  

Typically, those with dry skin do not experience breakouts due to the lack of sebum. Instead, they often experience redness and sensitivity to products or environmental triggers (wind, sunlight, cold etc). 

If your tissue is translucent/unchanged on some parts: Combination Skin 

If your tissue comes off translucent or unchanged on certain parts, it indicates that your skin is combination.  

Overall, your skin still experiences pH unbalance. If you’re not sure what skin pH is, head over to this article where we explain the basics of skin pH. 

Based on the specific area, the unbalance can be caused by various factors. For the oilier areas, the imbalance is due to an over-production of sebum to compensate for a lack of hydration. For the drier areas, the imbalance is due to an under-production of sebum. 

Credit: Pexels 

What about other skin types like Acne Prone or Sensitive skin? 

Fun fact: Acne-prone skin is not actually a skin type but rather a skin condition! 

Skin types are determined by genetics whereas the condition of our skin can greatly vary according to internal and external factors. These factors can vary from stress, climate, hereditary factors, diet and your skincare products.  

Acne-prone skin is a result of several factors combined that cause your skin’s natural barrier against irritants to be weakened. Once weakened, the skin is prone to aggressors like p.Acne bacteria (a known cause for acne) and irritation from pollutants and dirt. Acne-prone skin is often paired with other skin types like oily or combination skin. Thus, the way to manage Acne-prone skin would be to manage it based on your skin type. 

Sensitive skin on the other hand, is a little different. Sensitive skin is often characterised as redness and reactiveness to skincare products. However, there are two major types of sensitive skin.  

1. Sensitivity

The first is sensitivity. Sensitivity is a part of your DNA and often comes paired with other skin conditions like Eczema. To deal with this form of sensitivity requires products and treatments to strengthen the skin’s barrier and reduce reactiveness.  

Some products that would be beneficial include ingredients like Ceramides and Allantoin to strengthen the skin’s surface against irritants. 

2. Sensitised Skin 

Sensitised skin shares the same symptoms as sensitivity; however, it is a result of damage to the outermost layer of the skin. This damage is often caused by pH imbalances and poor products that contain ingredients that could damage the skin. It then causes the skin to be more reactive to products or environmental triggers like wind and temperature. Plus, sensitised skin is often paired with a skin type (oily, dry or combination).  

To deal with this form of sensitivity requires a two-prong approach. The first is to strengthen the skin’s outermost layer by rebalancing the skin’s pH based on your skin type. The second is to replace products that contain known irritants like Sulfates (Sodium Laurel Sulfate / Sodium Laureth Sulfate), Parabens, Phthalates, Parfum/Fragrance and drying alcohols.

Credit: Cottonbro 

How to Care for Different Skin Types: 

Though each skin requires various remedies, it is important to note that all these solutions are grounded in restoring your skin’s pH. Once you understand the pH balance of your skin, solving your skin’s issues can be quite simple! 

Normal Skin: Maintain Balance 

For normal skin, your skin’s pH is already well balanced. However, it is important to maintain such a balance. Thus, always ensure that the most fundamental aspects of a good skincare regime are in place: 

  • Double Cleansing to ensure the skin is deeply cleansed of oil, dirt and bacteria build up 
  • Hydrating your skin to keep your skin’s oil production in check 
  • SPF to protect your skin against environmental aggressors (UV rays, bacteria, pollutants etc) that can create imbalances in the skin’s pH and cause damage to the skin 

Oily Skin: Hydrate and Rebalance 

As we mentioned earlier, oily skin’s imbalance lies in an over-production of sebum to compensate for a lack of hydration. Thus, the key to managing it would be to hydrate the skin and control sebum production.  

Over our years of providing skincare services, we noticed that many clients had bad skincare habits that focused too much on controlling their sebum production without replenishing it with sufficient hydration. These habits included using harsh cleansers, cleansing the skin multiple times daily and blotting the skin throughout the day. These habits removed too much oil from the skin, causing the skin to produce more to replace it. 

Thus, it is important to strike a balance. Hydrate the skin with ingredients like Sodium Hyaluronate while controlling oil production with ingredients like Tea Tree Oil (both of which are the main ingredients in the Balance – Sebum Control Essence). 

 Important note: when it comes to using products containing high percentages of Tea Tree Oil, use it in low concentrations and in small doses to prevent overly drying the skin. 

Dry Skin: Replenish the Essentials 

Dry skin’s imbalance lies in an under-production of sebum. Thus, managing it requires replenishing the skin with oil and hydration.  

Treat your skin with ingredients like: 

  • Sodium Hyaluronate to deeply hydrate the skin 
  • Ceramides to moisturise the skin surface and maintain the skin’s strength against environmental aggressors (UV rays, bacteria, pollutants etc) 
  • Jojoba Oil are the closest to skin’s natural oils and are great at forming a protective barrier for the skin to prevent moisture loss 
  • Allantoin to moisturise and heal the skin surface 

Furthermore, should you be working in a cold and dry environment (like an office with air-conditioning), it is vital to keep your skin replenished throughout the day. Bringing a mid-day spritz along with you (like the Soothe – Deep Hydrating Lotion) can help to rebalance your skin. 

Combination Skin: Mixed to Match 

Last, but not least, is combination skin. Combination skin poses a unique challenge as there can be as many as two different imbalances in play. With such a difference, it is important to tailor to each of them. While that may sound cumbersome, it’s not! Simply by hydrating your skin, you are already tackling one common aspect that lies between the two imbalances. 

Similarly, search for products with ingredients such as: 

  • Hyaluronic Acid & Sodium Hyaluronate to hydrate the skin 
  • Aloe Vera Extract to soothe and hydrate the skin 

For areas that are oilier, look to control the sebum production with BHAs (Salicylic Acid), Tea Tree Oil (in small concentrations and doses).  

For areas that experience dryness, look for moisturising ingredients like Ceramides, Jojoba Oil, Allantoin and Glycerin.  

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We hope this basic guide to identifying and managing your skin type helps you to achieve healthier, radiant skin!  

Need more assistance to solve your skincare issues? Head over to our Virtual Skin Education and make an appointment for a one-on-one personal consultation with our highly trained Skin Educators. Based on your needs, select from 3 education modules and enjoy a 30-minute tailored session that will give you all you need to know to achieve healthier skin! 
 

In the realm of skincare, there is an overabundance of ingredients that share common benefits. This can be confusing when it comes to determining what’s best for your skin. But we’re here to be your guiding light through the fog of ingredients. In this edition of Ingredient Breakdown, we take a look at Ceramides. 

Ceramides – What are they? 

Ceramides – in basic terms – are lipids (aka fats) that are found naturally in the top layer of your skin. Their role on your skin is to form a barrier that seals in moisture, regulates trans-epidermal water loss through the skin and protects your skin from environmental aggressors.  

A decrease in ceramides – often caused by aging and sun damage – can weaken your skin’s barrier. This opens it up to dehydration, pre-mature aging, increased sensitivity and redness.  

In an essence, ceramides are the Ozone layer equivalent to your skin, regulating moisture and protecting it against environmental aggressors.  

Credit: Alexander Stemplewski 

If it’s already in my skin, why do I need more of it? 

Good things don’t last forever. As you age, your skin is no longer able to produce as much ceramide as it once did. Once you hit your 30s, you would have lost 40% of your skin’s natural ceramide. In another 10 years, you would have lost about 60%.  

Thus, it is vital to help your skin by replenishing it consistently with products rich in ceramides. Plus, ceramide is one of the handful of ingredients that are beneficial to all skin types. This is especially true for sensitive and dry skin as it works to keep moisture in and strengthen your skin’s natural resilience against aggressors that can sensitise your skin over time. 

Here are our favourite products that contain Ceramides: 

Flawless – Skin Perfecting 
Moisturiser  

For the ultimate protection against sun damage and environmental aggressors. Formulated with potent ingredients like Ceramide 3, Sodium Hyaluronate & Vitamin E, treat your skin to its non-comedogenic formula and help it stay youthful

Soothe – Deep Hydrating Lotion 

With its unique formulation, the Deep Hydrating Lotion hydrates the skin from deep within with Sodium Hyaluronate while keeping the surface of the skin moisturised with Ceramide 3 & Jojoba Seed Oil.

Hydrocare Bio-Cellulose Mask 

Masking is more important than ever and this includes masking for your skin too. Soaked with a blend of natural ingredients (from Ceramide 3, Fig Fruit Extract to Natural Enzymes), the Hydrocare Bio-Cellulose mask adheres tightly to the skin, leaving it soft, plump with moisture and rejuvenated. 

What makes Ceramides different from ingredients like Hyaluronic Acid & Sodium Hyaluronate? 

Ceramides are one of the few upcoming ingredients in the world of skincare. However, the benefits often get confused with ingredient powerhouses like Hyaluronic Acid and Sodium Hyaluronate. While all these ingredients play different yet vital roles in your journey to healthier skin, here’s a quick breakdown of each: 

Hyaluronic Acid (aka HA): 

Found naturally in the body, Hyaluronic Acid attracts water to provide hydration. However, due to their large molecular size, they are unable to penetrate deeply into the skin. Thus, it mainly works on the uppermost layers of the skin. Using Hyaluronic Acid, leave the skin feeling hydrated, plump and reduces the appearance of fine lines, wrinkles & sagging.

Sodium Hyaluronate: 

Surprise! Sodium Hyaluronate is a derivative form of Hyaluronic Acid. Meaning to say that they are essentially the same. However, Sodium Hyaluronate is synthesized to have a smaller molecular structure that makes it more capable of penetrating the skin’s deeper layers. This allows Sodium Hyaluronate to hydrate the skin from deeper within compared to Hyaluronic Acid.  

Ceramides: 

Similar to Hyaluronic Acid, Ceramides are naturally found in the body and their main purpose is to act as a shield against external damage and retain moisture. After using Ceramides, it leaves the skin feeling stronger, less sensitive and moisturised. 

To summarise, Sodium Hyaluronate hydrates from deep within, Hyaluronic Acid hydrates the upper layers of the skin and Ceramides seal in all the hydration and strengthen the skin’s natural barrier.  

We hope this guide to Ceramides and a quick breakdown on the popular skincare ingredients has helped you understand what your skin needs and how to better navigate the fog of skincare.  

Have more questions & need more guidance on what your skin needs? Get yourself a Virtual Skin Education and enjoy a 30-minute tailored learning session that will reveal all your skin’s secrets and what it needs to thrive. 

Tell us what ingredient you would like us to cover in our next ingredient breakdown in the comments! 

In Singapore, we have the pleasure of living and experiencing a plethora of unique cultures and practices. However, a common point exists amongst them – the desire to be forever young. Join us as we breakdown the science behind aging, the importance of anti-aging and how to start your path down graceful aging. 

Credit: Mathias Huysmans 

The Science of Aging: 

Aging is a slow process that occurs from the day you were born. However, the negative effects of aging (like wrinkles, pigmentation, thinner skin etc) often appear when a person is in their late 20s. So, what’s causing it? 

Internal Causes:  

1. Poorer Blood Circulation  
Your skin’s blood circulation is vital as it delivers the nutrients and oxygen to your skin’s surface. As you age, naturally, your skin’s blood circulation gets poorer, causing the skin surface to turn dull. 

2. Genetics 
Genetics play a large part in determining the aging process we go through. Fair skin is prone to wrinkles at an earlier stage while darker skin tends to experience them at a later stage. Dryness induced by aging can also be determined by genetics.  

Credit: Craig Adderley

External Causes: 

1. Sun Exposure 
Aging caused by excessive sun exposure is also known as Photoaging. The sun’s UV rays are comprised of 2 types – UVA & UVB. Simply put, UVA can penetrate deeper into the skin and causes damage to the collagen and elastin of your skin. Collagen is responsible for giving your skin a youthful, plump look while elastin gives your skin its elasticity. UVB on the other hand, affects the surface layer of the skin, often resulting in tans & burns. 

Too much sun exposure over time can lead to spider veins, pigmentation, uneven skin tone and wrinkles. 

Credit: Jesse Schoff 

2. Pollutants 
Pollutants, especially in the cities, exposes the skin to free radicals. Free radicals are unstable atoms that cause oxidative stress to the body. Think of your skin as a freshly cut slice of apple. After some time, you would notice that the apple starts to brown and breakdown from oxidative stress. The same happens to your skin. Free radicals break down the cells over time and result in a loss of skin elasticity and wrinkles.  

Credit: Andrew Johnson 

3. Lifestyle Habits 
Habits like smoking can contribute to greater oxidative stress while too many late nights contribute to dark eye circles, imbalances in your skin pH and slow down your skin’s ability to heal & recover. Lastly, your nutrition greatly determines your body’s ability to neutralise free radicals. Plus, a poor diet consisting of too many sweets and fried foods can result in greater breakouts – trust us, it’s not worth it, despite how good they taste! 

Credit: Karlis Dambrans

4. Improper Care 
Much like any living thing, it will wither when poorly cared for. Improper skincare routines and habits – like over stripping the skin of moisture with oil blotters or skipping on SPF – can cause your skin to be more prone to oxidative damage, inflammation and pre-mature aging. These problems occur because improper care often results in an unbalanced skin pH and as a result, a weaker natural barrier against environmental aggressors. 

Creidts: Anna Shvets 

Anti- Aging – Why is it Important? 

Your skin often experiences & shows signs of aging in your mid to late 20s. However, for signs of aging to be visible indicate that the effects of aging have already started taking a toll on you. Furthermore, anti-aging is not all about looking 10 years younger than you are – but rather focusing on strengthening and protecting your skin from internal & external stressors. By focusing on strengthening your skin, you work on minimalizing inflammation, sensitivity, oiliness/dryness and slower signs of aging.  

All this sounds wonderful to have, but how and where do you start? 

Credits: Anna Shvets 

Anti-Aging – When & How to Start? 

It is always ideal to start the basic practices young. These practices include understanding your skin, double cleansing as part of your nightly routines and applying SPF (even if you’re staying home)! However, we know that if you’re reading this article, you have probably started to see signs of aging appear on your skin and are in search of more potent methods of anti-aging.  

These potent methods often come in the form of treatments like Botox, Fillers, Ablative & Non-Ablative treatments. 

P.S. Ablative means that the treatment would remove the first few layers of your skin. 

Credit: Gustavo Fring 

What to look for in Anti-Aging Treatments: 

There is a never-ending pile of anti-aging facials offered in the market of skincare. However, it is important that you do your research to find a reliable spa/clinic that offers treatments that: 

  • Deal with the root causes of aging – such as building up the skin’s collagen & elastin and boosting its natural ability to counter oxidative stress 
  • Suits your budget – anti-aging treatments are an investment that require consistency for effects to be substantial. 
  • Fits your time frame – is it vital to look 10 years younger by the end of one session? 
  • Is meant for your skin type – some laser treatments are not suitable for people with darker skin tones (particularly those with skin tones at level 5 & 6 of the Fitzpatrick Skin Phototype Scale 

Unsure of what treatment to go for? Here are some of our top anti-aging treatments you can check out: 

CryoZapWith over 1000 combinations, experience a fully customised treatment designed to target your specific anti-aging needs. 
Proionic: Using a uniquely patented long wave radio frequency, experience the instant and long-term anti-aging effects of cellular ionic exchange. 
Illuminate: A relaxing treatment that combines Oxygen Therapy, Diamond Microdermabrasion and Vino Therapy for the ultimate age-reversing treatment. 

Credits: Anna Shvets 

What to do in preparation for Anti-Aging Treatments: 

Anti-aging treatments are known to be very stimulating in order to stimulate the collagen & elastin that reside deep within the skin. Unfortunately, this stimulation can result in breakouts, inflammation and sensitivity if your skin’s pH is not balanced. This is often the reason that causes many to suffer from breakouts after anti-aging treatments.  

Thus, it is imperative that you work on balancing your skin pH first before continuing with anti-aging treatments. If you’re unsure on your skin’s pH and how to balance it, why not let our Skin Educators figure it out for you?  

Join our Skin Educators in our Virtual Skin Educators as they focus on helping you understand your skin, achieve a balanced pH and healthy skin – all in just 30 minutes! 

Credit: Andrea Piacquadio 

What to do post Anti-Aging Treatment: 

Congratulations! You started down your path to healthier, youthful skin. While getting started is important, ensuring consistency is equally vital. Thus, it is important to have a treatment plan to guide you through to younger skin. A treatment plan should consist of the various treatments suited to you as well as the durations between treatments. In addition to this, after-care is extremely vital to ensure the longevity of the treatment’s result. While after-care tips do vary from treatment to treatment, here are some general tips that should be adhered to: 

  • Hydrate, hydrate, hydrate – while your skin is working hard to minimise signs of aging, you need to work hard to supply it with the nutrients, anti-oxidants and hydration it needs to operate! Might we suggest our HA+ Hydrating Serum
  • SPF is your new BFF – remember that the sun is one of the main causes of aging, so protecting yourself from its UV rays is always a safe bet. Plus, some anti-aging treatments tend to make your skin more sensitive to the sun, so it’s always a good idea to make SPF a staple in your daily routine. Try out the Flawless Skin Perfecting Moisturiser – flawless skin that’s protected from the sun in one swipe! 
  • Pace yourself – as we mentioned prior, anti-aging treatments can be very stimulating to the skin. While this is not inherently a bad thing, it is important to note not to over-stimulate the skin with overly frequent treatments as it can result in more sensitive skin. 

We hoped this guide helped to break down aging – its causes and solutions – as well as share some hacks on anti-aging treatments! 

Change is a constant when you are a mother. A new mom’s sleep schedule is ever-changing. A mom with toddlers is changing her energy levels to keep up with their energetic lifestyle. A mature mom changes their mindset to be more open to the latest trends to stay relevant with the kids.  

While every mum embarks on a different journey, there is one thing in common all moms experience – changes in their skin. Though this is known, not many mothers are able to tide through their skin changes with grace and poise.  

But don’t worry, we’re here to share our skincare secrets that every mom needs.

Credit: Daria Shevtsova

For New Moms: 

Congratulations on your adorable ball of sunshine! You’ve done well in taking care of your body to ensure your child emerges healthy & happy. But now that your baby is out, take some time to focus on you. New moms experience the greatest amount of change in their skin due to the constant fluctuation of their hormones. This can bring about skin issues like breakouts and bouts of sensitivity on the skin. While these issues will never truly disappear until your hormones are back in balance (or until you catch a restful sleep), here is a tip to minimise their severity. 

Rebalance your Skin pH: 

Your skin’s pH is a balance between the moisture and oil content of your skin. When it is unbalanced, it can weaken your skin’s natural barrier making it more prone to breakouts and sensitivity.  

Here are some tell-tale signs of an unbalanced skin pH: 
– Oilier Skin 
– Dry Skin 
– Increased Frequency of Breakouts 
– Increased Sensitivity 

While J.R.R Tolkein famously wrote “One Ring to Rule Them All” in his Lord of The Rings novel, we say “One Serum to Balance it All”. With the Sebum Control Essence and its unique balancing formula comprised of Sodium Hyaluronate, Horse Chestnut & Tea Tree Extract, experience deeply hydrated, rejuvenated and calm skin. 

For Busy Moms: 

Your kids have grown beyond their infancy and are now energetic toddlers running circles around you. While your selfcare & skincare are still important to you, you barely have the spare time to lounge around applying your 10 step skincare routines. Moreover, it is important to remember that at this stage, your skin has started to show signs of aging. 

Credits: Kevin Octa 

Though it isn’t the end of the world, you would certainly need to pay more attention to your skincare routine to ensure that it works hard for your skin as you work hard for your child. Thus, here’s our tip. 

Make multi-tasking products a staple in your routine.  

Considering the hectic schedule your toddlers would have, find products with multiple key ingredients that aid in tackling several skincare concerns. These products are not only more effective, but they also allow you to get your skincare done in a jiffy. Another thing to note is that it is imperative that your products do their best to slow down the signs of aging and give you plump, glowing skin just like your toddler!

Consider a tinted sunscreen your new ally! With all the time you spend chasing your child under the sun, sunscreen is an essential against pre-mature aging.

The Skin Perfecting Moisturiser keeps the skin hydrated and made-up in an instant! It is loaded with antioxidants like Vitamin E that help to slow down the signs of aging. Antarticine, another key active ingredient, helps to promote the production of collagen and elastin.  

For “Can Time Speed Up Now?” Moms: 

Most moms would admit that when their child reaches the young adult stage, they wish they could go back to the “good old days” when their child was a chubby baby. Some moms may even dread the teen years as they are notorious for being some of the roughest times for both mom and child. But what many moms fail to see is that this is a wonderful time to bond with your child. As a mom, you are your child’s best friend (even though they may not say it). While they mature and start down their path of self-discovery, join them and discover it alongside them – we promise it will be a fruitful journey.  

Credits: Albert Rafael 

Thus, here’s our tip for all our “Can Time Speed Up Now?” Moms: 

Though you are your child’s best friend, remember that CryoZap is yours.  

Let’s be honest, at a certain point, you would notice that your skin is no longer what it used to be, and you’d wish you could turn back time to the good ol’ skin days. Though we may not have a time machine, we do have a treatment that can give you the same results! 

With over 1000 combinations, treat yourself to the CryoZap – a fully customised facial that can aid in lightening pigmentation, lifting the skin, stimulating collagen and giving you that youthful, radiant glow all in one go.  Plus, it doubles as a soothing mask whenever your skin is feeling irritated or inflamed – perfect for your teen’s hormonal breakouts! Plus, this treatment is so customisable it can even fit your child’s acne-prone skin!

For Moms of the Bride/Groom: 

The kids have all grown up and started families on their own and you’re no longer used to the silence of an empty nest. But all is not dull and drab once you’ve hit this stage of motherhood! Take the time to reward yourself for all the years you’ve spent placing others before yourself. While your skin may not be what it was 30 years ago, there are still ways to age gracefully. 

Credits: Anna Shvets 

At this point, you may be thinking of investing in a luxurious skincare routine. While we do encourage that, do keep in mind that they may not be as effective at repairing your skin to facilitate a graceful aging process.  

This is not to say that the products are inherently less useful but rather the repair work your skin requires to return to its glory days requires stimulation that only medical-grade equipment can provide.  

A treatment like Proionic stimulate your collagen and elastin production and facial muscles for lifted, supple and radiant skin.  This treatment makes use of a unique-patented long wave radio frequency to generate heat and ion-balancing technologies to boost skin cell health and collagen and elastin production.

Plus, isn’t a spa day the most relaxing way to bond before the wedding? We think so! 

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While motherhood is a challenging process, it has been shown to be endlessly rewarding. We hope that these secrets helped in making your path of motherhood a little easier. 

Acne scars have often been the thorn to many, hindering them in their pursuit of flawless skin. But few ever take the time to truly understand its causes and learn of available preventive measures. 

We often receive questions on how to manage acne scars, the difference between scars and marks as well as techniques to minimise its appearances. Thus, we want to take this opportunity to delve into the nitty-gritty of acne scars and leave you with some insights on the topic. 

But first – Are acne marks the same as acne scars? 

Often mistaken as acne scars, acne marks are dark spots that appear on the skin once the acne has been expressed. They are flat and subside over time

Acne scars on the other hand are divots in the skin that develop when there is a loss of tissue as a result of inflamed pores. This inflammation causes a deep break of the follicle wall.

What Causes Acne Scars? 

1. Inflammation 
Pores are inflamed when you pick at or pop a pimple. Improper techniques of expressing the pimple will expose it to more bacteria and irritants in the environment, causing greater damage to the pore.

2. Picking a Scab 
It may be tempting to pick at scabs, but a scab is the skin’s natural way of protecting a healing wound. Picking it prematurely will increase delay the healing process or result in scarring. 

3. Unbalanced skin pH 
Much like a scab, the skin’s pH acts as a natural barrier against bacteria, irritants and pollutants that can cause inflammation. Unbalanced skin pH can lead to a weakened natural barrier and thus, increase likelihood of inflammation from external aggressors. 

Types of Scars 

1. Ice Pick Scars 

These scars look like enlarged pores and often start off as whiteheads or blackheads that experience inflammation when they are picked at or popped. 

Credit: Acne.org 

2. Box Car Scars 

Credit: Healthline 

Box Car scars are round or crater-like depressions in the skin. They often have sharp, vertical edges and are wider than the Ice Pick scars. They are typically formed due to fibrous tissues attempting to repair the damage at the dermis level of the skin. 

3. Rolling Scars

Credit: The Healthy 

Rolling scars are round depressions in the skin. They have gentler, sloping edges. These are the widest type of scar in comparison to Ice Pick and Box Car scars. Similar to Box Car scars, they are typically formed due to fibrous tissues attempting to repair the damage at the dermis level of the skin. 

4. Hypertrophic Scars

Credit: The Healthy 

Hypertrophic scars are very different from previously discussed scar in that they are raised. These scars typically occur due to an over-production of fibrous tissues during the skin reparative stage. Though they seem like Keloids scars, they are quite dissimilar. Hypertrophic scars are often raised less than 4 millimetres above the surrounding skin, are firm to the touch and are often pink or red in colour.  

What are Acne Marks? 

Often mistaken as acne scars, acne marks are dark spots that appear on the skin once the acne has been expressed. They are flat and subside over time.  

Credit: Healthline 

How do I deal with my Acne Scars? 

Seeking the right treatments and using quality products can make a huge difference in battling against acne scarring. Acne scars reside in the deep layers of your skin – specifically the dermis. Thus, to reduce the appearance of the scar, we need to reduce its depth.

The most effective way would be through treatments as they involve the perfect harmony of medical-grade technology and craftsmanship that are able to penetrate the skin deeply and shallow out the scar. Treatments like CryoZapProionic & IllumiZap make use of top-grade equipment to deeply stimulate the skin’s fibroblast to produce collagen & elastin. With sufficient stimulation over time, the collagen and elastin generated can strengthen and further repair the damaged walls of the scar – effectively shallowing out the scar from within. 

Of course, with anything internal, it does take time for a scar to minimise. However, for a more impactful result, treatments such as our Fractional Skin Resurfacing can shallow out the scar from within and above. Making use of fractional ablation and radio frequency, the treatment seeks to stimulate the fibroblasts deep while simultaneously removing the top layer of skin. Thus, effectively shallowing out the scar from above and within.  

Preventing Acne Scars 

Start by combating acne from the beginning to prevent any scars from forming. Here are some quick tips to incorporate in your daily routine. 

1. Stop picking at your pores & pimples 
Scars occur when your pore is inflamed and inflammation is worsened when you pick at it, so skip the picking! 

2. Exfoliate
Minimising deads skin build up is a sure-fire way to minimise the potential for inflammation. Use Porcelain’s Natural Skin Refiner, an ultra gentle exfoliator rich in antioxidants and enzymes and strong in anti-inflammatory properties. It can be used once a week or as a 10 minutes mask for an immediate reduction in inflammation.   

3. Balance your skin’s pH 
A balanced pH strengthens your skin’s natural barrier against bacteria and reduces the likelihood of breakouts and inflamation. We recommend Porcelain’s Sebum Control Essence
With a high percentage of Sodium Hyaluronate, Horse Chestnut Extract and Tea Tree Extract, excess sebum production is well controlled whilst skin remains deeply hydrated. This treatment essence also has effective anti-inflammation, rejuvenation and repairing properties to help reduce redness and itching for acne-prone skin. 

That’s all folks! 

We hope this article helped you understand the hidden science behind Acne Scars. If you have any questions about Acne Scars or skincare in general, feel free to drop us a DM on Instagram