Skin Hacks

A visual and literary representation of skincare tips (what we call #SkinHacks — skin hacks). Find out anything! The difference between dry and dehydrated skin. How to layer hydration How to care for acne! … and more.

They come in all shapes, sizes, and colours, stick to your skin and make quite a statement when worn outside. That’s right, we’re talking about those pimple patches which have been taking the skincare world by storm in recent years. But can they truly make your zit disappear overnight or are they just another skincare fad waiting to fade away? Let’s find out! 

pimple patch

Credit: Healthline

What are Pimple Patches? 

They are exactly what you might guess: stickers that you apply directly onto your pimples to make them go away. You can think of pimple patches as mini dressings for a minor wound on your face. The patches are made of hydrocolloid, which is a squishy, plasticky material used in wound healing bandages in hospitals. 

While many pimple patches are small, circular, and translucent, brands have been creating bold designs such as bright yellow stars and jewel-adorned flower shapes in a bid to destigmatise acne. 

How do pimple patches work? 

They suck the gunk out of your zits 

Since hydrocolloid work by absorbing excess fluid, these pimple patches stick to the skin and work like a vacuum to gently ‘suck out’ excess fluids like oil and dirt present on the surface. The impurities are then converted into a gel-like substance that adheres to the patch. This leaves behind a white patch that is synonymous with pimple patches.  

Here’s a fun fact, the white patch is not actually white because of the gunk in your zit. Instead, it’s just hydrated hydrocolloid. Moisture turns the patch white- so the more moisture it absorbs, the whiter the patch becomes. 

They prevent further inflammation 

If you have a pimple, the one thing any skin expert will tell you to do is not to touch it. Popping and poking at your zits introduces more bacteria and can result in increased inflammation that can leave behind Post Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation and scars.  

Thus, another useful function of pimple patches is that they act as a barrier to keep bacteria away and prevents you from poking at your zit.  

Active ingredients and microneedles can help fight blemishes 

Besides hydrocolloid, some pimple patches include skincare ingredients that can be effective in managing breakouts. Niacinamide, for example, helps to soothe inflammation and reduce sensitivity, while Salicylic Acid exfoliates dead skin cells and oil build-up – 2 main contributors to acne. Basically, these enhanced patches can be used as a spot-treatment option for mild acne.  

Other than hydrocolloid and other active ingredients, some pimple patches even include microneedles. Microneedling is the process of inserting very fine, short needles into the skin to renew the surface by increasing cell turnover. 

pimple patch

Credit: Lab Muffin 

These patches contain self-dissolving “needles” on one side, which can penetrate and increase the delivery of active ingredients into the skin. While the depth varies from patch to patch, generally these microneedles aren’t quite deep enough to penetrate to the deeper level of the skin, thus rendering them ineffective. That being said, microneedling procedures are best done by a skincare professional with proper equipment. 

Are pimple patches effective for all types of pimples? 

The stickers may be effective on mild breakouts and superficial, pus-filled pimples, such as Whiteheads and pimples with a visible pus head like Pustules. Unfortunately, acne patches are not helpful for blackheads, or deep-set acne with no visible pus head like Papules, Nodules, and some Cysts. 

For them to be effective, these patches are intended to be used when there is a visible pus head on the pimple – an indication that the inflammatory process of your pimple has subsided and that only debris and pus remain. 

It’s less effective to apply these patches on a still inflamed papule because it hasn’t reached the surface of your skin, and there is nothing on the surface to be readily absorbed. Despite this, it acts as a good barrier to prevent further inflammation.  

pimple patch

Credit: Skin Library

Are there any risks to using pimple patches? 

There is very little to no risk unless you’re allergic or sensitive to active ingredients found in the patches. Plus, the adhesive can be a bit irritating, especially if you’re wearing them overnight or back-to-back. 

Pros & Cons of Pimple Patches 

ProsCons
Gently absorbs excess fluid like oil and dirt from the surface of the pimple  Works on removing impurities on the surface without going deep down to the root of the problem 
Pimple is protected from irritants and bacteria that could worsen inflammation and irritation Does not work on blackheads, deep-set acne, and acne types that do not have a visible pus head 
Prevents picking or popping the pimple which can leave scars and Post Inflammatory 
Hyperpigmentation 
Adhesive and active ingredients may cause irritation for sensitive skin  
Speeds up the healing time of the pimple 

Alternatives to pimple patches 

While pimple patches do work to a certain extent, there are other more effective ways to achieve healthy skin in the long run. At Porcelain, we believe that treating the root of your skin issues is the solution, instead of dealing with them symptomatically. So rather than continually playing defence to heal zits as they appear, why not treat your acne at the root and break the cycle of acne altogether? 

pimple patch

Credit: Megan Bagshaw

Generally, acne is formed when a mix of dead skin cells and excess sebum congest the pores. While these are the 2 main contributors, head over here for a more in-depth explanation of the specific causes of various acne. Therefore, target these acne-contributing factors to combat pimples from within. We suggest two ways to do so: 

1. Regular Exfoliation  

To remove the build-up of dead skin cells, regular exfoliation is a must. Plus, exfoliation helps to stimulate skin renewal, leaving skin softer, smoother, and brighter. Look for gentle, non-abrasive exfoliants that contain natural enzymes like the Natural Skin Refiner. 

Alternatively, you can also incorporate chemical exfoliants like AHAs, BHAs, and PHAs into your skincare routine. These acids gently break down the ‘glue’ that bonds dead skin cells, making it easier to remove them. Give the Glycolic Toner a try– a perfectly balanced toner to exfoliate and hydrate the skin. 

pimple patch

2. Balance your skin’s pH 

As pimples are often synonymous with oilier skin types, it’s important to control sebum production to manage oily skin. Your skin’s pH is determined by the balance between the oil and moisture content on your skin. Oily skin’s pH imbalance lies in an over-production of sebum to compensate for insufficient hydration. Thus, the key to rebalancing oily skin’s pH is to hydrate and regulate the skin’s sebum production. Hydrate the skin with ingredients such as Sodium Hyaluronate while regulating sebum production with ingredients like Tea Tree Oil, both of which are key ingredients in our pH Balancing Essence! 

Takeaway 

So, to answer the question: Do pimple patches work? Well, sort of. With so many different types of pimple patches soaked with various ingredients, they may be effective in soothing and speeding up the healing process for the occasional pesky pimple. However, they do not treat the cause of the problem and definitely won’t clear up your acne. For long-term results, perhaps it is not the best solution. 

We get it, these stickers are super cute and handy. So, if you love it, go ahead and stick one (or two) on! 

“Freckles are a symbol of freedom,” said Ross Burton. Freedom from makeup and cover-ups. What was once covered is becoming an openly embraced beauty trend. All around the world, individuals are donning faux freckles. The trend has gotten so popular that pens specially made for that very purpose now exist too!  

Despite the trend and sky-rocketing popularity, not everyone shares the appreciations for them. In fact, some might feel uncomfortable with their pigmentation spots. If you’re one of those looking to feel more comfortable in their skin, this is just the article for you!

pigmentation

Credit: Tommy van Kessel

Pigmentation Vs Hyperpigmentation- What’s The Difference?

We know you might be wondering – there’s a difference?

While the terms are often used interchangeably, they mean very different things.

Pigmentation gives us our skin tone. It is a result of the pigment melanin, which is made by cells known as melanocytes. Hyperpigmentation, on the other hand, is the result of an overproduction of melanin. These hyperpigmentation spots can be caused by a variety of reasons (which we cover later on). When treatments state that they can remove pigmentation, they actually lighten hyperpigmentation instead.

What Causes Hyperpigmentation?

Hyperpigmentation is caused when excess melanin is produced. But what causes this over-production? While there are many causes – each different for every person – here are the 3 common types of hyperpigmentation and their causes: 

1. Sunspots

Sunspots, sometimes known as liver spots or age spots, can be caused by sun exposure and ultraviolet (UV) light exposure such as tanning beds. As such, sunspots are usually found on parts exposed to the sun, such as the face and arms. These spots form because the body’s melanocyte cells react to the UV rays. This causes an increase in melanin production, which is the skin’s natural protection against UV damage. Sunspots are commonly found in people with fairer skin tones.

2. Hormonal fluctuations

Usually known as Melasma or Chloasma, the ‘Mask of Pregnancy’ mostly occurs in pregnant women. Hormone fluctuations of oestrogen & progesterone cause over 90% of pregnant women to experience this condition. These dark patches are similarly caused by an overproduction of melanin, in response to the hormones produced by the body.

3. Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH)

PIH spots are usually found where previous injury or inflammation occurred. These are common in people with acne and are more likely to affect individuals of darker skin tones. A common misconception is that PIH and acne scars are the same. Though both may initially start as a darker patch of skin, PIH typically fades after some time while scars remain on the skin for longer periods. Plus, acne scars, take either of 2 forms: a loss of tissue – pitted or depressed scars, or an overgrowth of tissue – raised scars. For more information on acne scars, check out this article!

hyperpigmentation skin

Credit: Melanie Kreutz

Now let’s get down to business! IPL is quickly becoming the most popular method of hyperpigmentation removal in Singapore, but what is it all about?

How Does IPL Treatment Work?

IPL or Intense Pulse Light is a treatment that emits a broad spectrum of light wavelengths in brief pulses to heat and breaks down hyperpigmentation in the skin. After the treatment, the broken down hyperpigmentation either manifests on the skin’s surface as scabs, shedding away in about a week, or gets removed by the body’s lymphatic system. 

What Should I Do Before My IPL Facial?

Ensure any products containing retinoids or vitamin A ingredient have been stopped for a week before going for the treatment.

Take note that IPL is not for everyone, and the facial is unsuitable for the following individuals:

  1. Pregnant women
  2. Individuals with skin tones darker than 5 on the Fitzpatrick scale
  3. Individuals with photosensitive skin, a tendency to develop keloids, active eczema, thyroid disorder or Active Herpes Simplex
  4. Individuals with sunburns, broken or extremely dry skin, sensitised skin or skin cancer
pigmentation treatment at porcelain skin

How Is The IPL Facial Process Like?

Now that you’re all set for your IPL facial, here’s what you can expect in the treatment:

A highly trained therapist will prep your skin by double cleansing and exfoliating. Products to conduct these steps are selected based on your skin type and needs. Once your skin is ready, a medical-grade IPL device is used to deliver the treatment. During the procedure, you may feel a snapping sensation paired with bright flashes of light. This has been described as something similar to having an elastic band being ‘snapped’ on the skin.

While this may sound daunting, you need not worry as the snapping sensations only last for 1 –2 minutes!

At Porcelain, out ZapBright™ facial for removing hyperpigmentation utilises IPL yellow light to zap excess melanin, lightening these dark spots. The yellow light also reaches deep into the skin to encourage skin rejuvenation and fibroblast repair, give you brighter, tighter and more youthful-looking skin!

Is There An Aftercare Routine?

After your IPL hyperpigmentation removal facial, follow these steps to reap all the benefits of the treatment:

  1. Stay out of direct sun exposure for the next 14 days
  2. Apply SPF to protect your skin from (further) sun damage.
  3. Lather up on HA+ Hydrating Serum over the next week.
  4. Hydrate your skin Bio-Cellulose mask over the following 3 days for optimal results.
porcelain facial treatment

Alternatives To IPL Pigmentation Removal

For those who have lower pain tolerance or are unsuited for IPL hyperpigmentation removal, don’t panic! Your hyperpigmentation issues can still be helped with these alternatives:

Cryotherapy™ uses Korean medi-technology to chill the skin’s surface up to -10°C. This stimulates microcirculation and restores radiance to dull skin. The CryoStamp reduces redness and inflammation while increasing the absorption of our in-house products. The CryoProbe increases circulation to illuminate skin and lighten scars.

Illuminate™ unites oxygen therapy, microdermabrasion and Vino Therapy. The Italian-made 2 in 1 diamond microdermabrasion involves gentle skin resurfacing and oxygen infusion to brighten skin. Vino Therapy uses a grape wine peel to lighten sunspots. The customised cocktail of products is infused in the skin by Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy, increase cellular regeneration and promote healing, reviving your skin’s glow.

Looking for help for other skincare concerns? Check out the articles below to learn more!

Facial acne is a problem that most of us have experienced throughout our lives. While some of us may have only struggled with it during our teenage years, others continue to wrestle with these pesky pimples throughout our lives.

To make matters worse, the new norm of mask-wearing has resulted in red ‘maskne’ bumps for even the best of us.

women with acne

Credit: Polina Tankilevitch

Understanding your Acne

To ensure that we can enjoy healthy skin with minimal breakouts for the long term, we need to manage it from its root causes. 

Acne is commonly caused by a combination of genetics, sebum and dead skin cells build up and hormone fluctuations. Our pores naturally produce sebum which emerges to moisturise our skin’s surface. Improper skincare can lead to dead skin cells and dirt to build up within the pore, causing congestion to form.

This congestion creates the perfect breeding ground for p.acne bacteria – a bacteria responsible for causing inflammation and irritation of the pore – to thrive. All this leads to your skin becoming irritated and inflamed; these pimples are screaming for help! 

Custom Blended Mask for acne treatment

Porcelain’s Cult-Favourite Acne Facial

1. Quintessential™

At the top of the list, we have our award-winning Quintessential™ treatment. This is the treatment for more acute facial acne. Every extraction therapist in Porcelain undergoes a minimum of 500 hours of training to ensure absolute precision when conducting extractions. Additionally, the Quintessential’s extractions go deeper than most others, thoroughly cleansing congested pores. 

While seemingly intense, the 120-minute-long procedure promises a deep cleanse to decongest and smoothen your skin texture!

With the deep extractions, do not be alarmed by the redness that occurs in the next 1-2 days. Just remember to sufficiently hydrate and protect your skin with SPF to ensure a proper recovery. To prevent further congestion or inflammation, avoid wearing make up for the next 3-5 days.

2. OxyRevive Plus™

Have a low pain tolerance but still want to achieve healthy skin?

Our 90-minute OxyRevive Plus™, an enhanced version of the original 60-minute OxyRevive™ would be just right for you!  The OxyRevive Plus™ has all the goodies of its predecessor, with the addition of a shoulder massage and a Shiatsu face massage to improve circulation, reduce puffiness and drain toxins.

The gentle yet effective OxyJet uses a high-velocity jet of saline solution and oxygen to remove surface impurities and dead skin cells. Furthermore, Hyperbaric Oxygen Infusion therapy immerses the skin with a customised blend of serums and nutrients, soothing and encouraging its natural reparative functions.

LED Light Therapy

3. OxyZap

Another alternative for the Quintessential would be the OxyZap, a fusion of the OxyRevive™ and ZitZap™. Utilising the high-velocity OxyJet and Hyperbaric Oxygen Infusion therapy, OxyZap’s main difference lies in the incorporation of intensive pulsed light (IPL) therapy.

Medical-grade IPL penetrates the deeper layers of the skin to trigger our body’s natural wound healing process. A mix of red and blue IPL lights are administered to the skin with utmost precision. The red light reduces inflammation while the blue light kills p.acne bacteria, speeding up the body’s healing process against acne.

Still unsure about which acne facial suits you? Check out our Skin Discovery™ where you get the opportunity to learn more about your skin and how to take care of it!

With over 7.8 billion people in the world, there are only a few things everyone has in common with each other. Unsurprisingly, experiencing blackheads is one of them. However, those of us living in tropical climates like in Singapore often experience blackheads more often. Despite that, it’s a problem that can be easily managed with the right skincare guidance and tips!

Credit: Healthline

What are Blackheads?

A mild form of acne, blackheads are small bumps that appear on your skin when a pore is congested (with dead skin cells and sebum) and exposed to air. This exposure to air gives regular whiteheads (aka closed comedones) their darker appearance synonymous with blackheads. 

What Causes Blackheads?

1. Sebum

One of the main components to blackheads, sebum produced by the skin can become congested within the pore, leading to their formation. This also explains why Asians or individuals reside in tropical climates experience more blackheads. The warm temperatures paired with higher humidity makes sebaceous glands more active, making it easier for blackheads to form.

2. Dead Skin Cells

Another essential component to blackheads, dead skin cells that lie on the surface of the skin can clog pores, preventing the oil produced by sebaceous glands from leaving the pore. Over time, this builds up the congestion that forms into a blackhead.

3. Hormones

Skin is more than what is on the surface. Our skin is also largely impacted by our body’s health and wellbeing. At various points (like during menstruation), our hormones fluctuate, resulting in an increase in sebum production.  

With a handful of root causes, it makes blackheads one of the more manageable forms of acne! 

blackhead extraction in Singapore

Combatting Blackheads with Treatments

Treatments are the best ways to get rid of blackheads quickly and safely. Not only are technologically advanced equipment used, but trained experts who understand the inner workings of skin thoroughly are better able to manage skin and remove blackheads efficiently. Here are our recommendations for Porcelain’s best blackhead treatments.

OxyRevive™ Facial

Oxygen not only powers your body and everything around you, but it can also help clear blackheads and leave you with brighter skin. A gentle yet intensive high-velocity OxyJet coupled with saline solution removes dead skin, sanitises pores and loosens congestion. To replenish the skin with vital nutrients and give it a natural glow, a Hyperbaric Oxygen Infusion therapy that pumps the skin is deployed. While it may take longer to achieve a blackhead-free complexion, OxyRevive™ Facial is the perfect alternative for milder cases of blackheads.

Quintessential Extraction Facial

Your blackheads are no match for good-old fashion extractions. Not only does our award-winning treatment deploy extractions, but it also focuses on rebalancing the skin’s pH for stronger resilience against impurities that threaten to inflame skin as it recovers from extractions. Utilising medi-technology and in-house formulated products, the Quintessential Facial thoroughly cleanses skin while replenishing it with vital nutrients to recoup and thrive. This, paired with the expert extraction techniques deployed by highly trained therapists, blackheads (along with other pesky acnes) do not stand a chance! 

OxyZap™ Facial

The perfect, painless alternative to the Quintessential Facial, the OxyZap™ Facial combines the benefits of OxyRevive™’s oxygen therapy with the power of IPL. OxyJet and Hyperbaric Oxygen Infusion therapy work to cleanse the skin, loosen congestion and reinfuse essential nutrients while IPL soothes inflamed/irritated sebaceous glands to reduce sebum production. The ultimate duo for reduced blackheads in the short and long term!

Combatting Blackheads with Homecare

Though treatments are effective in dealing with blackheads, homecare plays an equal role in ensuring the skin stays healthy with minimal blackheads between treatments.

Homecare Tips:

1. Exfoliate Regularly

With one of the causes of blackheads being dead skin cells, regular exfoliation is needed to help remove them and give you softer, brighter skin too! Exfoliation can come in many forms – from chemical exfoliation with AHAs and BHAs to physical exfoliation. To learn more about the difference in AHAs and BHAs plus what they can do for your skin, check out our cheat sheet to skincare acids.

Generally, for chemical exfoliation, BHAs like Salicylic Acid are a better alternative when dealing with blackheads as they are better able to penetrate the skin to break down sebum buildup and congestion within pores. Although this may entice you to pick up products that contain high percentages of Salicylic Acid, it’s good to note that it is most effective at a low concentration (between 2-4%) and is better suited for oilier skin types thanks to its drying effect. Alternatively, AHAs like Glycolic Acid are still effective at exfoliating despite being unable to penetrate as deeply as Salicylic Acid.

For physical exfoliation, it is exfoliation that requires physical rubbing or scrubbing to remove dead skin cells. On that note, we do not recommend reaching out for scrubs or exfoliants that contain granules or microbeads as they can create micro-tears in the skin, leading to inflammation and sensitivity. Instead, look for gentler exfoliants that utilise natural enzymes – like our Natural Skin Refiner!

2. Balance skin pH

Blackheads are often synonymous with oilier skin types. While skin types are predominantly determined by genetics, they can be managed by balancing your skin’s pH. Your skin’s pH is determined by the balance between the oil and moisture content on your skin. Oily skin’s pH imbalance lies in an over-production of sebum to compensate for insufficient hydration. Sebum is your skin’s way of retaining moisture and hydration. When there is a lack of hydration, the skin produces more oils to prevent further loss of hydration. This additional sebum production also explains why those of us with oily skin tend to experience a greater frequency of blackheads. 

Thus, the key to rebalancing oily skin’s pH is to hydrate and regulate the skin’s sebum production. Hydrate the skin with ingredients like Sodium Hyaluronate while regulating oil production with ingredients like Tea Tree Oil (both of which are the main ingredients in our Sebum Control Essence). 

Important note: when it comes to using products containing high percentages of Tea Tree Oil, use it in low concentrations and in small doses to prevent over-drying the skin.

3. Avoid DIY Home Treatments

Everyone loves a good DIY that can help save time and money. But not all DIYs are created equal. DIY Home Treatments such as using baking soda to remove blackheads can strip your skin of its natural moisture, alter its pH and disrupt the skin’s natural bacteria that is needed to protect itself from infections. 

Home extractions should also be avoided as they can cause inflammation that would worsen acne, cause trauma to the skin (bruises, tears etc) and result in post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation and acne scars.

Think you need personal guidance in finding the right blackhead solution for you? Book yourself a 30-minute Virtual Skin Education Session with our highly trained Skin Educators as they guide you through your skin and make tailored recommendations based on its needs.

Plus, it’s now complimentary by Porcelain because of COVID-19!

Not all acne is created equal. While each bump may feel and seem the same, each can be caused by a different combination of factors. Join us as we discover the causes of each form of acne and how to manage them at the root. 

Credit: Cottonbro 

Different Types of Acne: 

Much like skin, there are numerous forms of acne, each created through a different combination of factors. Though it may be unnerving to discover that there is more than one form of pesky blemish, they are often quite manageable (or can become manageable) once the root of the issue has been identified.  

There are three common causes of acne: 

1. Genetics 

Your genetics are the blueprint for your body. Based on genetics, you can be predisposed to having oilier skin (which contributes to acne) or be more prone to acne formation. Although genetics cannot be altered, a lot can be done to ensure your skin remains resilient to minimise the severity and frequency of breakouts.   

2. Sebum Build-Up & Dead Skin Cells 

The two core “ingredients” that form congestion. Without proper and regular exfoliation, dead skin cells prevent sebum produced within the pore to emerge and keep the skin moisturised. Over time, this causes sebum to build-up within the pore. Additionally, with dead skin cells covering pores, it creates the perfect environment for p.acne bacteria to breed, causing inflammation.   

3. Hormone Fluctuations 

Hormone fluctuations cause the body to produce androgens that stimulate the over-production of sebum. With sebum build-up being one of the core factors for congestion, acne can form as a result. 

Without further ado, let’s look at each form of acne, its root causes and our solution to managing them. 

Non-Inflammatory Types: 

1. Whiteheads & Blackheads 

Caused by: Accumulation of dead skin cells & sebum build-up 

Whiteheads are easily identified by their white centres – a mix of accumulated dead skin cells and sebum build-up. This congestion resides under a layer of skin, allowing it to retain its white-ish appearance.  

Contrariwise, congestion found in blackheads does not reside underneath a layer of skin. Instead, it is exposed to air, causing it to oxidise and darken. 

Solution: Regular exfoliation and pH rebalancing 

Whiteheads and blackheads are simple to manage. Regular exfoliation with non-abrasive exfoliators paired with products that regulate sebum production and hydrate the skin can reduce their occurrence. This method of balancing sebum production and hydrating the skin is known as rebalancing the skin’s pH. However, this example applies to oily skin types only. Find out more about how to rebalance your specific skin type’s pH.

Scheduling regular decongesting facials would also help remove congestion  – particularly blackheads as they can cause the skin to appear dull. 

Our Recommendation: Natural Skin RefinerGlycolic TonerSebum Control Essence & OxyRevive Facial 

For a gentle yet effective exfoliation, give our Natural Skin Refiner and Glycolic Toner a shot! Each packed with skin-loving ingredients to exfoliate and nourish the skin. To rebalance the skin pH (in this case, for oily skin), the Sebum Control Essence works to regulate sebum production and deeply hydrating the skin.   

Furthermore, scheduling regular facials like the OxyRevive can clear the pores of their congestion and leave your skin feeling healthier.   

The OxyRevive Facial utilises a gentle yet intensive high-velocity OxyJet to cleanse, remove dead skin and loosen clogged impurities. Paired with hyperbaric oxygen infusion therapy to pump essential nutrients into the skin to revive radiance in the skin. 

Credit: Polina Tankilevitch 

Inflammatory Types: 

1. Papules & Pustules  

Caused by: Accumulation of dead skin cells, sebum build-up & over-growth bacteria 

Papules are red bumps with no visible head while pustules have a visible pus head. These form because of p.acne bacteria over-growth. Congested pore provides the perfect environment for the naturally present bacteria to breed, causing infection and inflammation.  

When this occurs, the body deploys white blood cells to fight the infection, creating pus (a combination of sebum, dead skin cells and bacteria) that fills the pore and creates a bump. 

Solution: Decongesting facials and anti-bacterial homecare 

One of the best ways to counter p.acne bacteria would be to extract the congestion. Removing the congestion quickly would minimise the possibility of scarring as well (which often results when excessive congestion widens or breaks the pore walls). This is best done with a proper decongesting facial done by an expert. As many considerations go into a thorough extraction, it is ill-advised to attempt it yourself. On top of decongesting facials, a robust homecare routine is required – particularly one that has anti-bacterial benefits to counter p.acne bacteria. 

Our Recommendation: Daily Cleansing GelHydraclear Gel & Quintessential Facial 

Extractions are a great way to manage papules and pustules. But the award-winning Quintessential Facial is more than that – it combines medical-grade technology with craftsmanship to deliver the ultimate deep cleansing experience.  

While not a complete home care routine, the Daily Cleansing Gel and Hydraclear Gel form the cornerstones of an effective regime against further bacterial infection and inflammation. Bladderwrack Extract, Matricaria Flower Extract and Carica Papaya in the Daily Cleansing Gel work to soothe, lend its anti-bacterial properties and slough away dead skin cells.   

Paired with the Hydraclear Gel – packed with Witch Hazel Extract and Lemon Fruit Extract that contains potent anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial properties – to restore the skin to a healthier state.   

2. Nodular Acne 

Caused by: Dead skin cells, sebum build-up, over-growth of bacteria & deep infections 

Like pustules and papules, nodular acne is a result of p.acne bacteria over-growth. The main difference is that nodular acne occurs at a deeper layer of skin, causing the bump to have no visible pus head and be hard to the touch. Nodular acne also remains in the skin for longer compared to blackheads or pustules. 

Solution: Robust homecare & decongesting facials 

With nodular acne being harder to manage, more is required in terms of skincare solutions. For homecare, products with potent anti-inflammatory and healing properties would greatly help.   

In addition to home care, regular treatments can aid in managing nodular acne as they often deploy technology that penetrates the skin deeply to deal with the issue.   

Our Recommendation: HA+ Hydrating SerumBotanical Sensitive Care Toner & ZitZap Facial 

The HA+ Hydrating Serum is a multi-faceted concoction, with 4 unique blends to manage nodular acne. Cucumber Extract lends it reparative and anti-inflammatory qualities while Probiotics work to rebalance the bacteria on the skin, minimising over-growth of p.acne bacteria.  

Botanical Sensitive Care Toner and its reparative blend of medicinal herbs like Korean Mint and Honeysuckle Flower Extract soothes redness and inhibits bacteria growth.  

Treatments like ZitZap utilise medical-grade IPL to penetrate the skin deeply, effectively reducing inflammation and eliminating p.acne bacteria. This stops nodular acne from worsening and allows the body to naturally remove the congestion.   

3. Cystic Acne 

Caused by: Dead skin cells, sebum build-up, over-growth of bacteria & deep infections 

Often confused with nodular acne, cystic acne is the most severe form of acne. However, with time, patience and the right skincare solutions, it can be managed. Cystic acne develops deep within the skin. However, its severe infection generates a lot of pus, making it softer compared to nodular acne. It also has a visible pus head, unlike nodular acne.   

Our Solution: Combat bacterial growth and remove congestion 

Cystic acne often results in acne scarring as the volume of congestion breaks pore walls. To minimise the severity of scars, reduce the proliferation of p.acne bacteria with anti-bacterial homecare and extract congestion as soon as possible. 

Our Recommendation: Hydraclear GelZitZap & Quintessential Facial 

An essential for cystic acne, the Hydraclear Gel combats bacterial growth, reduces inflammation, hydrates, and regulates sebum & skin pH levels. This aids in diminishing p.acne bacterial, calming cystic acne and slowing down their occurrence as well. 

The mighty duo of ZitZap and Quintessential works quickly to minimise the damage of cystic acne. ZitZap uses medical-grade IPL to reduce inflammation and eliminate p.acne bacteria while the Quintessential utilises craftsmanship to remove the congestion with precision.   

Credit: Polina Tankilevitch 

4. Hormonal Acne 

Caused by: Hormone fluctuations 

Hormone fluctuations typically experienced by teenagers and women experiencing menstruation, menopause or pregnancy. Hormone fluctuations cause increased sebum production and p.acne bacteria propagation. Hormonal acne can come in all forms – papules, pustules and even cystic acne – depending on the severity of the infection.   

Solution: Identify your acne 

The best solution is derived once the type of acne has been identified. 

Balancing the skin’s pH levels also works to reduce the severity of hormonal acne. Plus, it allows the skin to have greater resilience against p.acne bacteria over-growth, irritants and sebum overproduction.   

Our Recommendation: Click here to find out more about how to rebalance your specific skin pH! 

5. Maskne 

Caused by: Heat, sweat, friction & over-growth of bacteria 

The latest form of acne to emerge, Maskne is acne caused by prolonged hours spent wearing a mask. The heat encapsulated within the mask triggers the skin to produce more sebum and sweat that congest pores. Furthermore, friction from the mask damages the skin’s outer protective layer, making it prone to bacterial infections. Plus, with reusable cloth masks quickly replacing disposable ones, bacteria caught in the fabric is in contact with the face until the mask is washed or replaced. This introduces more bacteria to the skin, causing inflammation, irritation and sensitivity.   

Solution: Anti-bacterial & anti-inflammatory homecare 

With a majority of maskne’s issues being caused by bacteria, anti-bacterial home care is vital. Additionally, with the irritation that the mask causes to the skin, anti-inflammatory products are also required to help calm the skin and aid in its repair.  

Our Recommendation: Skin Protecting Sanitiser & Aloe Recovery Gel 

Designed to combat Maskne without stripping the skin of its natural moisture, the Skin Protecting Sanitiser is a plant-based, alcohol-free sanitiser formulated with a combination of Eucalyptus, Tea-tree and 200ppm Hypochlorous Acid clinically proven for its effective antiviral properties. The perfect homecare that you can bring along to manage your maskne! 

Specially formulated with pure aloe extracts, the Aloe Recovery Gel provides intense hydration to heal dry and stressed skin. It works to repair skin and increase its resilience overtime.  

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Acne is a very personal matter and should be dealt with the utmost care and personalisation. Thus, do note that the above are general recommendations. For a more accurate and tailored solution, we recommend scheduling a Virtual Skin Education session with our Skin Experts who will guide you 1-on-1 to managing your acne.  

Stay patient, resilient and hopeful!