Your Guide to Dealing with Pigmentation

Pigmentation is something everyone experiences – from pigments caused by sun exposure and hormones to post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation. Despite being a common occurrence, they can be a hindrance in your journey to flawless and healthy skin. Thus, Porcelain is here to guide you through the ins and outs of pigmentation, arming you with our best solutions to combat these pesky specks!

Credit: Chermiti Mohamed

What is Pigmentation and What Causes it?

Before we delve deeper into the realm of pigmentation, we need to first get one thing clear. Pigmentation is the colour of our skin caused by melanin produced by skin cells known as melanocytes. Hyperpigmentation is a condition caused by an over-production of melanin, creating the telltale spots or patches of darker coloured skin. 

Common types of hyperpigmentation include:

  • Freckles / sun spots / age spots
  • Melasma
  • Post Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation

What Causes Hyperpigmentation?

While there are many contributing factors like medication, occupation and the presence of autoimmune diseases, here are the most common cause of hyperpigmentation:

1. Sun Exposure:

A common factor that results in hyperpigmentation is the sun’s UV rays. These UV rays trigger the skin to produce more melanin as they act as your skin’s natural SPF, protecting it from further damage. 

Furthermore, once hyperpigmentation spots have appeared, sun exposure would cause them to darken. 

2. Hormone Fluctuations:

Experiencing hormone fluctuations are natural. However, it can lead to melasma, especially in women. Melasma is thought to occur when Osterogen and Progesterone (both female sex hormones) stimulate an overproduction of melanin when the skin is exposed to the sun. 

Melasma also affects many pregnant women due to the bouts of hormone fluctuations they experience.

3. Post Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation (PIH):

Perhaps the most commonly experienced type of hyperpigmentation, PIH typically occurs when the skin is healing from injury or inflammation. It is also the reason many of us experience dark spots (aka post-acne marks) where inflamed acne used to be. Just another reason to avoid picking at your acne!

Porcelain’s Solutions for Hyperpigmentation:

There are a plethora of alternatives that offer quick but painful or invasive options to deal with your hyperpigmentation. However, Porcelain’s pigmentation treatments deal with the root of the issue while rebalancing your skin’s pH, boosting its resilience and supporting its natural healing abilities with no down-time.

Zap Bright

The quick healer of hyperpigmentation, ZapBright™ utilises medical-grade Intense Pulsed Light (IPL) to fragment melanin in 45 minutes. This effectively lightens dark spots on the skin and makes it easier for the body to naturally remove hyperpigmentation. Perfect for the time-pressed skincare fanatic.

CryoZap™

The pinnacle of customisation – this high performing facial combines luxury, technology and craftsmanship for the ultimate personalised experience. With over 1000 combinations, the CryoZap™ treatment moulds to your specific skin need to manage several skin issues alongside hyperpigmentation simultaneously. Using a personalised blend of in-house formulated products, medical-grade IPL and cooling Korean medi-technology to fragment melanin and brighten the skin surface. The ultimate heavy-hitting treatment for those of us facing multiple skin concerns. 

SunRescueZap™

This is the ideal treatment for those dealing with post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH). Oxygen Therapy and cooling Korean medi-technology work to calm, repair and hydrate the skin while delivering pH balance to boost skin’s resilience. The addition of medical-grade IPL works to disperse PIH, effectively lightening post-acne marks. Additionally, the IPL’s light initiates the shrinking process of inflamed sebaceous glands, preventing an over-production of excess sebum and acne as a result. 

Commonly Asked Questions:

How many treatments does it take to remove hyperpigmentation?

The exact number of treatments required largely depends on your skin’s reactiveness and natural healing pace. With that said, the average number of sessions needed to visibly reduce hyperpigmentation is 3 to 5. Although this may seem like a comparatively high number of sessions, it is because Porcelain’s treatments focus on encouraging the skin’s natural healing process. This allows your skin to emerge from the treatment with healthy skin, zero downtime and minimal after-effects.

How can I remove hyperpigmentation permanently?

Unfortunately, the occurrence of hyperpigmentation can only be minimised and not eradicated forever. To permanently prevent hyperpigmentation would mean removing the melanin from the skin. Melanin produced gives our skin its natural skin tone, thus, preventing hyperpigmentation would mean removing your natural skin tone. Despite it being an inevitable skin condition, adopting good skin care habits like double cleansing to minimise inflammation, exfoliating regularly to minimise congestion and applying SPF daily can help. 

Are products alone sufficient to combat hyperpigmentation?

Certain products and skincare ingredients (i.e. AHAs and exfoliators) can lighten the appearance of hyperpigmentation. But, they cannot entirely remove the hyperpigmentation from deep within. Melanin is produced at the basal layer of the epidermis, a layer that products rarely penetrate to. Thus, the use of medical-grade technology is needed to reach the deeper layers of skin to disperse melanin and aid the body’s removal of the melanin cells.

Think you need personal guidance in finding the right hyperpigmentation solution for you? Book yourself a 30-minute Virtual Skin Education Session with our highly trained Skin Educators as they guide you through your hyperpigmentation and make tailored recommendations based on your skin’s needs. Plus, it’s now complimentary because of COVID-19!